March 30: Land Day

marzo 30, 2014 at 6:21 pm

On 30 March 1976, thousands of people belonging to the Palestinian minority in Israel gathered to protest Israeli government plans to expropriate 60,000 dunams of Arab-owned land in West Bank. In the resulting confrontations with Israeli police, six Palestinians were killed, hundreds wounded, and hundreds jailed. In the intervening years, those events have become consecrated in the Palestinian memory as Land Day.

After years of military rule and political docility, Land Day 1976 was the first act of mass resistance by the Palestinians inside Israel against the israeli policy of expansion of the land.

In the Palestinian village of At Tuwani the South Hebron Hills Popular Commitee organised a nonviolen action that consisted in planting olive trees in front of the Israeli settlemen of Ma’on and the Israeli illegal outpost of Havat Ma’on. The Commitee was joined by 30 students from Yatta University, toghether with professors and the principal. The action took place around 11 am and at 11:50 am an army jeep arrived on the place. Four soldiers prevented Palestinians from getting close to the fence that protects cherry trees fields. This land is Palestinian owned, but was cultivated by settlers with cherry trees since the creation of the Israeli outpost in the year 2000.

30 marzo: Giorno della Terra

Il 30 marzo 1976, milioni di persone appartenenti alla minoranza palestinese in Israele si sono runite per protestare contro il piano del governo israeliano di espropriare 60,000 dunams (1 dunam sono 1000 metri quadri) di terrenno di proprietà palestinese in Cisgiordania. Come risultato degli scontri con la polizia, sei palestinesi rimasero uccisi, centinai feriti, e centinaia incarcerati. Negli anni a venire, questi eventi sono stati ricordati nella memoria palestinese con il Giorno della Terra.

Dopo anni di legge militare e docilità politica, il Giorno della Terra 1976 è stato il primo atto di protesta di massa da parte dei palestinesi in territorio israeliano contro la politica israeliana di espansione del territorio.

Nel villaggio di At Tuwani il Comitato Popolare delle Colline a Sud di Hebron ha organizzato un’azione nonviolenta piantando alberi d’ulivo di fronte alla colonia israeliana di Ma’on e all’avamposto illegale di Havat Ma’on. Al Comitato si sono aggiunti 30 studenti dell’Università di Yatta, insieme ai loro professori e al preside. L’azione è iniziata alle 11 e alle 11:50 è arrivata sul posto una camionetta dell’esercito israeliano. Quattro soldati hanno impedito ai palestinesi di avvicinarsi alla rete che protegge campi di ciliegi. Questa terra è di proprietà palestinese, ma è stata coltivata con alberi di ciliege dai coloni israeliani da quando nel 2000 è sorto l’avamposto.

Palestinian shepherd arrested by Israeli Police in the South Hebron Hills

marzo 23, 2014 at 3:44 pm

On March 22 Israeli police arrested Zaaid Salame Mehamre, a shepherd from the Palestinian village of Maghayr Al-Abeed, while he was grazing his sheep on Jabel Doff (the location where the Havat Ma’on outpost used to stand before the year 2000, when it was moved to Hill 833). The arrest was carried out under the accusation of “trespassing”, although no official documents on the ownership of the land were presented.

In the morning, Mehamre was grazing his sheep in the Palestinian valleys and hills surrounding the Israeli illegal outpost of Havat Ma’on. At 1:30 p.m., Mehamre moved to the top of the hill to follow his flock, and was followed by a police car, which later drove past him. 15 minutes later an Israeli policeman declared Mehamre under arrest and escorted him to an area where there was another police car, a District Coordination Office car and three army jeeps, together with four Israeli settlers.

Ta’ayush activists, who were already present in the area accompanying other shepherds, immediately arrived and tried to understand the situation. The activists asked the Israeli officers for clarification on the ownership of the land, which they had declared Israeli, however no maps or official documents were presented.

At 2:20 p.m. Israeli soldiers violently chased away Mehamre’s flock, which remained unattended. The soldiers pushed the flock toward the valley south of the hill.

At 2:30 p.m., Mehamre was taken by police to the Kyriat Arba police station. He was released in the later afternoon after a bail of 500 shekels was paid by Ta’ayush and the South Hebron Hills Popular Committee.

 

Pastore palestinese arrestato dalla polizia israeliana nelle colline a sud di Hebron

Il 22 marzo la polizia israeliana ha arrestato Zaaid Salame Mehamre, un pastore proveniente dal villaggio di Maghayr Al-Abeed, mentre stava pascolando il suo gregge su Jabel Doff (la collina su cui sorgeva l’avamposto di Havat Ma’on prima del 2000, quando è stato spostato sulla Hill 833). L’accusa era quella di “sconfinamento”, anche se non è stato esibito nessun documento ufficiale riguardo l’appartenenza di quel terreno.

La mattina Mehamre stava pascolando il suo gregge nelle valli e sulle colline palestinesi che circondano l’avamposto illegale israeliano di Havat Ma’on. Alle 13:30, Mehamre si è spostato sulla cima della collina per seguire il suo gregge ed è stato inseguito da una macchina della polizia, che lo ha poi preceduto. 15 minuti dopo un poliziotto israeliano ha dichiarato Mehamre in stato di arresto e lo ha portato poco più in là sulla collina, dove c’erano già un’altra macchina della polizia, una macchina dell’Ufficio di Coordinamento Distrettuale e tre camionette dell’esercito, insieme a quattro coloni israeliani.

Attivisti Ta’ayush (un movimento nonviolento di base arabo e israeliano), che erano già presenti nell’area per accompaganare altri pastori, sono immediatamente giunti sul posto e hanno provato a comprendere meglio la situazione. Gli attivisti hanno chiesto agli ufficiali israeliani chiarificazioni riguardo all’appartenenza della terra, che questi avevano dichiarato israeliana, ma non gli è stata mostrata alcuna mappa o documento ufficiale.

Alle 14:30 soldati israeliani hanno cacciato il gregge di Mehamra, che era rimasto incustodito. I soldati hanno spinto le pecore verso la valle a sud della collina.

Alle 14:30, Mehamre è stato portato alla stazione di polizia di Kyriat Arba. E’ stato poi rilasciato nel tardo pomeriggio dietro pagamento di una cauzione di 500 shekel, pagata dai Ta’ayush e dal Comitato Popolare delle Colline a sud di Hebron.

P/R: Settlers from Mitzpe Yair continue to attack Palestinian shepherds grazing on Palestinian owned land, even during Purim

marzo 17, 2014 at 3:38 pm
PRESS RELEASE

Settlers from Mitzpe Yair continue to attack Palestinian shepherds grazing on Palestinian owned land, even during Purim

Palestinian shepherd and International held by Israeli Police


(Segue versione in italiano)

March 17, 2014

At-Tuwani – On Sunday March 16, during the Jewish holiday of Purim, Israeli settlers attacked Palestinians and Internationals on Palestinian fields near Mitzpe Yair illegal outpost.

In the morning, four Palestinian shepherds from the village of Qawawis were grazing their flocks south of the Israeli outpost of Mitzpe Yair, when a settler arrived armed with an iron pipe to threaten them shouting. At 9:18 am two Internationals arrived together with two further Palestinian shepherds. The armed Israeli settler then left when he saw that they were filming the scene.

At 9:28 am eight settlers arrived from the illegal outpost – one was still armed with the iron pipe – and four of them violently chased away the flocks, pushing them toward the valley underlying the outpost. Palestinian shepherds followed the settlers in order not to lose their flocks accompanied by Internationals. The Palestinians immediately called the Israeli police.

At 9:48 am the settlers came back to the outpost. In the meantime, an additional Internationals and two Palestinian members of the South Hebron Hills Popular Committee arrived at the scene. At 10:00 am one of the settlers tried to chase away one of the newly-arrived Palestinians, a member of the Israeli human rights organization B’Tselem. As this happened, an Israeli policeman and three Israeli soldiers arrived by foot. At 10:20 am, as the policeman began interrogating the attendants, a further three settlers arrived. Those interrogated were the Palestinian shepherd Nail Abuaram (who filmed everything with a B’Tselem camera) and one International.

At 10:45 am, the policeman lead Abuaram and one of the Internationals to Kiryat Arba police station to give testimony of the harassments. They arrived at the station at noon.

The International was asked for the camera footage of the incident, interrogated and finally released at around 2:50 pm. Abuaram was interrogated alone for a couple of hours and was threaten of arrest until he accepted to sign a paper stating that he will not get closer than 450 meters to the area where the harassment took place for a period of 15 days. He was later released around 6:00 pm after signing the paper. The Israeli police forced the settler who attacked the Palestinians with an iron pipe to stay 200 meters far from the spot where the harassment took place for a period of 15 days.

Palestinian communities of the South Hebron Hills area are strongly involved in using nonviolence as a way to resist the Israeli occupation.

Operation Dove has maintained an international presence in At-Tuwani and the South Hebron Hills since 2004.

Video of the incident: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xkhd_oJ2jkk&list=UUpKXxYTHG80BLPckf_YMHtw

[Note: According to the Fourth Geneva Convention, the Hague Regulations, the International Court of Justice, and several United Nations resolutions, all Israeli settlements and outposts in the Occupied Palestinian Territories are illegal. Most settlement outposts, including Havat Ma’on (Hill 833), are considered illegal also under Israeli law.]

Israeli police detains Beduins from the village of Umm Al Kheer, International volunteers and Israeli activists

marzo 12, 2014 at 6:39 am

On March 11 the Israeli police detained two Beduins from the village of Umm Al Kheer, two International volunteers and two Israeli activists. Since the early morning two Israeli engineers were taking mesures with technical equipment around the southern part of Karmel Israeli settlemet, around the latest expansion.  There is an ongoing trial about the ownership of the land between the settlement and the Beduin village, because of this is forbidden to anyone to do any kind of work on this land.

When the Beduins approached the area a military vehicle with five Israeli soldiers arrived to escort the engineers. Around 1:30 pm three Israeli settlers arrived, between them the security chief of Karmel, and at 2 pm the Israeli police reached the place. The Israeli soldiers and police showed to Beduins and Internationals maps where the municipal area of the settlemet expands also on the Palestinian owned land. When Beduins and Internationals refused to move back toward the Beduin village a Police officer escorted them on the Israeli street surrounding the settlemet. In the mean time two Israeli activists had arrived.

The Israeli Police realeased the six, giving them back IDs and Passports at 3:50 pm. The charge for the detention was “trespassing”.

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L’11 marzo la polizia israeliana ha detenuto due beduini del villaggio di Umm Al Kheer, due volontari internazionali e due attivisti israeliani. Fin dal mattino due ingenieri israeliani stavano prendendo delle misure intorno alla parte sud della colonia israeliana di Karmel, attorno alle ultime espansioni. Vi è un processo in corso riguardo l’appartenenza della terra tra la colonia e il villaggio beduino, per questo motivo è proibito a chiunque effettuare lavori e operazioni sulla suddetta terra.

Quando i beduini si sono avvicinati all’area è arrivata una jeep militare con cinque soldati per scortare i due ingegnieri. Intorno alle 13:30 sono arrivati tre coloni israeliani, tra cui il capo della sicurezza della colonia, e alle 14 è sopraggiunta la polizia israeliana. I soldati e la polizia hanno mostrato ai beduini e ai volontari internazionali alcune mappe, secondo le quali l’area municipale della colonia comprende anche terre di proprietà palestinese. Quando beduini e internazionali si sono rifiutati di tornare verso il villaggio, i polizziotti israeliani li hanno scortati sulla strada israeliana che circonda la colonia. Nel frattempo sono arrivati due attivisti israeliani.

La polizia rilascia le sei persone alle 15:50, ridandogli documenti e passaporti. L’accusa per la detenzione era “sconfinamento”.

 

 

Palestinian shepherds detained by the Israeli army while grazing their flocks

marzo 8, 2014 at 8:07 pm

On Friday March 7 at 12:30 pm two Palestinian shepherds from Tuba, a minor and an adult, were grazing their flocks on Meshaha Hill, when a settler noticed them and made a phone call. At 12:36 pm the Israeli army arrived and first made the shepherds move to the bottom af the valley and then detained them untill the police arrived. The soldiers affirmed that the land where the sheep were grazing is Israeli propriety. At 1:31 pm the Israeli police arrived. One of the Palestinian shepherds, the minor, was immediately released while the second one was asked for his personal datas before being released after few minutes. Operation Dove volunteers waited for the DCO to show them official maps about the ownership of the land, but they didn’t arrive.

The lack of rain forced the Palestinina shepherds to increase the hours of grazing on the hills and the valleis in the South Hebron Hills. Often the Israeli settlers from Havat Ma’on illegal outpost call the army to claim their propriety of the land. The past week has seen an encreased presence of the Israeli police in the valleis surrounding the Palestinian village of At Tuwani.

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Venerdì 7 Marzo alle ore 12:30 due pastori palestinesi di Tuba, un minore ed un adulto, stavano facendo pascolare i loro greggi sulla collina di Meshaha, quando sono stati notati da un colono che ha effettuato una telefonata. Alle 12:36 è arrivato l’esercito israeliano che ha prima fatto spostare i pastori in valle poi li ha detenuti fino all’arrivo della polizia. I soldati sostenevano che le terre su cui si trovavano i pastori fossero di proprietà israeliana. Alle 13.31 è arrivata la polizia israeliana. Uno dei due pastori, il minore, è stato rilasciato mentre al secondo sono stati chiesti i dati personali ed è poco dopo stato rilasciato. I volontari di Operazione Colomba hanno aspettato la DCO per vedere documenti ufficiali sull’appartenenza della terra, ma non sono mai arrivati.

La totale mancanza di pioggia ha portato i pastori palestinesi ad aumentare le uscite quotidiane con le pecore sulle colline e sulle valli a Sud di Hebron. Spesso accade che i coloni dell’avamposto illegale di Havat Ma’on rivendichino le terre chiamando le forze armate. La settimana appena passata ha visto un notevole incremento della presenza della polizia sulle colline e nelle valli vicino al villaggio palestinese di At-Tuwani.

Israeli settlers block sole access road to South Hebron Hills village of Bir Al Idd

novembre 4, 2013 at 9:22 am

At Tuwani, 4 November 2013

Yesterday morning Palestinians from the South Hebron Hills village of Bir al Idd found the sole access road to their village closed by a road block composed of two big stones. These stones were placed precisely in front of the nearby illegal outpost of Mitzpe Yair.

When at around 8:30 AM several Palestinian, Israeli and international activists arrived on the scene, they saw the road block (most likely made by the settlers) and a settler shepherd grazing his sheep on the field adjacent to this path.

The activists immediately informed the Israeli army so the road block would be removed. Five minutes later Israeli soldiers arrived at the area to monitor the situation, but they didn’t remove the roadblock.

The activists then called the Israeli police and waited for about 40 minutes, but the police failed to arrive. The road block was then removed by the Israeli army at around 1.00 pm.

This is not the first time this kind of harassment occurs on this road. On August 18, settlers from Mitzpe Yair built there twice in one day a road block, which prevented access to the village for over six hours (see more: http://snipurl.com/27ystqj).

 

Israeli Army prevent Palestinian to access their land: two arrested

novembre 3, 2013 at 1:50 pm

Soldiers pushing Palestinian away, after declaring “close military area”

On November 2 at around 8.30 AM, Palestinian, Israeli and international activists organized an action to access the Palestinian-owned land in Umm Al Arayes (in front of Mitzpe Yair outpost). Like all saturdays for almost one year already, the Palestinian landowners are claiming their right to return to their land, on which settlers from Mitzpe Yair have built greenhouses.

Demolition orders have been issued against the greenhouses by the Israeli District Coordination Office. However, when several Palestinians arrived near the outpost, some ten settlers came out and pushed them in aggressive manner. Suddenly Israeli soldiers and Border Police officers declared the area a “close military zone” and started to push all the people away – but not the settlers.

After several minutes, two Palestinians (the owners of the field) were arrested, but nothing was done about the settlers who remained in this closed military area. The two Palestinians were released Sunday, after the payment of a bill of 1500 NIS for each person.

In previous weeks, like on Saturday, the Israeli army declaration of lands as closed military zone has impeded the Palestinians from accessing their land and this right. Since 2001 the Palestinians in the area have faced restricted access to these lands.

 

Soldiers prevent Palestinian to access their land

Other pictures of the nonviolent action: http://snipurl.com/283zkjh